Stock trading is buying and selling stocks, or shares, in publicly traded companies. In the UK, stock trading occurs on the London Stock Exchange (LSE).

The two main types of stock trading are buying and selling for investment and buying and selling for speculation. When you buy stocks for investment, you are hoping that the value of the company will go up over time so that you can sell the stock at a profit. When you speculate on stocks, you are trying to make money by correctly predicting short-term movements in the stock price.

Stock trading is not without risk, but there are ways to minimise your risks as a beginner trader.


Before you start trading stocks, it is essential to do your research. You must understand how the stock market works and the factors affecting stock prices. It is also essential to familiarise yourself with the different types of stocks and the companies that issue them. An excellent place to start your research is with the website of the London Stock Exchange.

Open a brokerage account

To trade stocks, you will need to open a brokerage account. A brokerage account is an account that allows you to buy and sell securities. In the UK, you can open a brokerage account with a bank, an investment firm, or an online broker, like Saxo.

When choosing a broker, you should consider the fees they charge, the customer service level, and the types of accounts they offer.

Decide what you want to buy

Once you have opened a brokerage account, you must decide what stocks you want to buy. When making this decision, you should consider the company’s financial stability, the stock’s price history, and your own investment goals.

You can research stocks using various resources, including online brokerages, newspapers, and financial magazines.

Place an order

Once you decide what stocks you want to buy, you need to place an order with your broker. When you place an order, you will need to specify the type of order, the price at which you want to buy the stock, and the number of shares you want to purchase.

Monitor your investment

After placing your order, it is crucial to monitor your investment. You should keep an eye on the stock’s price movements and pay attention to any news that might affect the company’s stock price.

Sell your stock

When you are ready to sell your stock, you will need to place a sell order with your broker. When placing a sell order, you will need to specify the type of order, the price at which you want to sell the stock, and the number of shares you want to sell.

It is important to remember that you may not be able to sell your stock immediately.

Risks of stock trading


The stock market is volatile, so stock prices can go up or down quickly and without warning, which can be a risk for investors because you could lose money if the stock price goes down.

Stock Splits

Stock splits are when a company divides its shares into multiple new shares, which can be a risk for investors because it can cause the stock price to drop.


Dividends are payments companies make to their shareholders, which can be a risk for investors because dividends are not guaranteed, and the dividend amount may fluctuate.

Margin Calls

A margin call is when your broker asks you to deposit more money into your account to cover losses, which can be a risk for investors because it can lead to additional losses.

How to minimise risks when trading stocks

You can do several things to minimise your risks when trading stocks, including:

  • Diversify your portfolio by investing in a variety of different stocks. It will help mitigate the risk of loss if one stock price goes down.
  • Use stop-loss orders to sell a security at a specific price point. If the stock price falls below this price point, it will execute the order, and you will sell the security, thereby limiting your losses.
  • Avoid buying on margin. Buying on margin is when you borrow money from your broker to purchase securities. It can be risky because you could lose more money than you have invested if the stock price goes down.

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